HSP70 genes encode abundant heat-inducible 70-kDa HSPs (HSP70s). In most eukaryotes HSP70 genes exist as part of a multigene family. They are found in most cellular compartments of eukaryotes including nuclei, mitochondria, chloroplasts, the endoplasmic reticulum and the cytosol, as well as in bacteria. The genes show a high degree of conservation, having at least 50% identity (2). The N-terminal two thirds of HSP70s are more conserved than the C-terminal third. HSP70 binds ATP with high affinity and possesses a weak ATPase activity which can be stimulated by binding to unfolded proteins and synthetic peptides (3). When HSC70 (constitutively expressed) present in mammalian cells was truncated, ATP binding activity was found to reside in an N-terminal fragment of 44 kDa which lacked peptide binding capacity. Polypeptide binding ability therefore resided within the C-terminal half (4). The structure of this ATP binding domain displays multiple features of nucleotide binding proteins (5). When cells are subjected to metabolic stress (e.g., heat shock) a member of the HSP 70 family, HSP 70 (HSP72), is expressed; HSP 70 is highly related to HSC70 (>90% sequence identity). Constitutively expressed HSC70 rapidly forms a stable complex with the highly inducible HSP70 in cells following heat shock. The interaction of HSC70 with HSP 70 is regulated by ATP. These two heat shock proteins move together in the cell experiencing stress. Furthermore, research on HSC70 has implicates it with a role in facilitating the recovery of centrosomal structure and function after heat shock (6).
Certificate of analysis
This product has been certified >90% pure using SDS-PAGE analysis. The protein has ATPase activity at the time of manufacture of 3.2µM phosphate liberated/hr/µg protein in a 200µl reaction at 37°C (pH 8) in the presence of 20ul of 1mM ATP using a Malachite Green assay.
Active Human Recombinant HSC70 Protein
Constitutive heat shock protein 70 Protein, HSC54 Protein, HSC71 Protein, HSC73 Protein, HSP71 Protein, HSP74 Protein, HSPA10 Protein, HSPA8 Protein, LAP1 Protein, NIP71 Protein
Primary research area
Cancer, Heat Shock
WB, SDS-PAGE, ATPase Activity Assay, Functional Assay, ELISA
Relevant bio activity
Protein expression model
See included datasheet.
See included datasheet.
>90% High purity
Recommended buffer for storage
50mM Tris/HCl, pH8, 0.3M NaCl
Lot/batch specific. See included datasheet.
Blue Ice or 4°C
Supplementary useful information
Please see included datasheet or contact us
Protein cell localization
1. Brown C. L., et al. (1993) J.Cell Biol. 120(5): 1101-1112 2. Boorstein W. R., Ziegelhoffer T. & Craig E.A. (1993) J. Mol. Evol. 38(1): 1-17. 3. Rothman J. (1989) Cell. 59: 591 -601. 4. DeLuca-Flaherty et al. (1990) Cell. 62: 875-887. 5. Bork P., Sander C. & Valencia A. (1992) Proc. Natl Acad. Sci. USA. 89: 7290-7294. 6. Brown C. L., et al. (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271(2): 833-840.
28026090, 26244546, 25939977, 25979775, 23291500, 20084527, 19209902
Western Blot, Functional Assay, Intrinsic fluorescence spectroscopy, Western Blot Control, Functional Assay, Functional Assay, Western Blot Control
Tested species reactivity
Human, Mouse, Photinus pyralis
Representative figure legend
SDS-PAGE of 73kDa Hsc70 protein (SPR-106). SDS-Page of human HSC70 Protein (SPR-106)
Total weight (kg)
Net weight (g)
Human proteins, cDNA and human recombinants are used in human reactive ELISA kits and to produce anti-human mono and polyclonal antibodies. Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens). Depending on the epitopes used human ELISA kits can be cross reactive to many other species. Mainly analyzed are human serum, plasma, urine, saliva, human cell culture supernatants and biological samples.
Recombinants or rec. proteins