Other name BIP Protein, Grp78 Protein, HSPA5 Protein, MIF2 Protein, immunoglobulin heavy chain binding Protein
Protein purification Affinity Purified
Protein origin Canada
Stock availability In Stock
Protein concentration Lot/batch specific. See included datasheet.
NCBI number NM_005347
Protein target GRP78 (Bip)
Protein reactivity Human
Gene number 3309
Purity pourcentage>90% High purity
Supplementary useful information Please see included datasheet or contact us
Protein number P11021
Primary research area Cancer, Heat Shock, Cell Signaling, Trafficking, Chaperones, Organelle Markers
Protein specificity ~78 kDa
Total weight (kg) 1.4
Scientific context GRP78 is a ubiquitously expressed, 78-kDa glucose-regulated protein, and is commonly referred to as an immunoglobin chain binding protein (BiP). The BiP proteins are categorized as stress response proteins because they play an important role in the proper folding and assembly of nascent protein and in the scavenging of misfolded proteins in the endoplasmic reticulum lumen. Translation of BiP is directed by an internal ribosomal entry site (IRES) in the 5' non-translated region of the BiP mRNA. BiP IRES activity increases when cells are heat stressed (1). GRP78 is also critical for maintenance of cell homeostasis and the prevention of apoptosis (2). Luo et al. have provided findings that suggest GRP78 is essential for embryonic cell growth and pluripotent cell survival (3). In terms of diseases, GRP78 has been shown to be a reliable biomarker of hypoglycemia (Barnes), to serve a neuroprotective function in neurons exposed to glutamate and oxidative stress (4), and its protein levels are reduced in the brains of Alzheimer’s patients (5). Also, the induction of the GRP78 protein that results in severe glucose and oxygen deprivation could possible lead to drug resistance to anti-tumor drugs (6, 7).
Brand name none
Peptide sequence MKLSLVAAMLLLLSAARAEEEDKKEDVGTVVGIDLGTTYSCVGVFKNGRVEIIANDQGNRITPSYVAFTPEGERLIGDAAKNQLTSNPENTVFDAKRLIGRTWNDPSVQQDIKFLPFKVVEKKTKPYIQVDIGGGQTKTFAPEEISAMVLTKMKETAEAYLGKKVTHAVVTVPAYFNDAQRQATKDAGTIAGLNVMRIINEPTAAAIAYGLDKREGEKNILVFDLGGGTFDVSLLTIDNGVFEVVATNGDTHLGGEDFDQRVMEHFIKLYKKKTGKDVRKDNRAVQKLRREVEKAKRALSSQHQARIEIESFYEGEDFSETLTRAKFEELNMDLFRSTMKPVQKVLEDSDLKKSDIDEIVLVGGSTRIPKIQQLVKEFFNGKEPSRGINPDEAVAYGAAVQAGVLSGDQDTGDLVLLDVCPLTLGIETVGGVMTKLIPRNTVVPTKKSQIFSTASDNQPTVTIKVYEGERPLTKDNHLLGTFDLTGIPPAPRGVPQIEVTFEIDVNGILRVTAEDKGTGNKNKITITNDQNRLTPEEIERMVNDAEKFAEEDKKLKERIDTRNELESYAYSLKNQIGDKEKLGGKLSSEDKETMEKAVEEKIEWLESHQDADIEDFKAKKKELEEIVQPIISKLYGSAGPPPTGEEDTAEKDEL
Protein expression model E. coli
Protein cell localization Endoplasmic Reticulum Lumen, Melanosome
Warnings Non-hazardous materials
Bibliography 1. Cho S., et al (2007) Mol Cell Biol. 27(1): 368-83. 2. Yang Y., et al. (1998) J Biol Chem. 273: 25552-25555. 3. Luo S., et al (2006) 26(15): 5688-97. 4. Yu Z., et al. (1999) Exp Neurol. 15: 302-314. 5. Koomagi R., et al. (1999) Anticancer Res. 19: 4333-4336. 6. Laquerre S., et al. (1998) J. Virology. 72: 4940-4949. 7. Dong D., et al. (2005) Cancer Res. 65(13): 5785-91.
Verified applications WB, SDS-PAGE, ATPase Activity Assay, Functional Assay, ELISA
Storage recommendations -20°C
Shipping recommendations Blue Ice or 4°C
Properties Human proteins, cDNA and human recombinants are used in human reactive ELISA kits and to produce anti-human mono and polyclonal antibodies. Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens). Depending on the epitopes used human ELISA kits can be cross reactive to many other species. Mainly analyzed are human serum, plasma, urine, saliva, human cell culture supernatants and biological samples.
Source Recombinants or rec. proteins