Rab5 is a 24kDa member of the Rab family of small guanosine triphosphatases (GTPases), Ras superfamily. Rab GTPases are central regulators of membrane trafficking in the eukaryotic cell. Their regulatory capacity depends on their ability to cycle between the GDP -bound inactive and GTP-bound active states. This conversion is regulated by GDP/GTP exchange factors (GEPs), GDP dissociation inhibitors (GDIs) and GTPase-activating proteins (GAPs) (1, 2). Activation of a Rab protein is coupled to its association with intracellular membranes, allowing it to recruit downstream effector proteins to the cytoplasmic surface of a subcellular compartment (3). Through these proteins, Rab GTPases regulate vesicle formation, actin- and tubulin-dependent vesicle movement, and membrane fusion(1). Rab proteins contain conserved regions involved in guanine-nucleotide binding, and hyper variable COHO-terminal domains with a cysteine motif implicated in subcellular targeting. Post-translational modification of the cysteine motif with one or two geranyl groups is essential for the membrane association and correct intracellular localization of Rab proteins(3). Each Rab shows a characteristic subcellular distribution (4). In particular, Rab5 is ubiquitously expressed in human tissues. It localizes mainly to early endosomes, but is also present on the plasma membrane. It regulates the fusion between endocytic vesicles and early endosomes, as well as the homotypic fusion between early endosomes (5). Among the proteins recruited by the GTP-bound active Rab5 are Rabaptin-5 and EEA1 (6). Anti-Rab5 may be used as an early endosome marker.
Certificate of analysis
This product has been certified >90% pure using SDS-PAGE analysis.
Human Recombinant Rab5 Protein
Rab 5A Protein, RAS associated protein RAB5A Protein, Ras related protein Rab 5 A Protein
Primary research area
Cancer, Heat Shock
Relevant bio activity
Protein expression model
See included datasheet.
>90% High purity
Lot/batch specific. See included datasheet.
Blue Ice or 4°C
Supplementary useful information
Please see included datasheet or contact us
Protein cell localization
Cell Membrane, Early Endosome Membrane, Melanosome
1. Stenmark H., and Olkkonen V.M. (2001) Genome Biol. 2: 3007.1-3007.7. 2. Takai Y., et al. (2001) Physiol. Rev. 8:, 153-208. 3. Ali B.R., et al. (2004) J. Cell Sci. 117: 6401-6412. 4. Zerial M., and McBride H. (2001) Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 2: 107-117. 5. Sonnichsen B., et al. (2000) J. Cell Biol. 149: 901-913 6. Woodman P.G. (2000) Traffic. 1: 695-701.
Not added. Please refer to PubMed
to be tested
Tested species reactivity
to be tested
Representative figure legend
SDS-PAGE of 26kDa human Rab5 protein (SPR-121). SDS-Page of human RAB5 Protein (SPR-121)
Total weight (kg)
Human proteins, cDNA and human recombinants are used in human reactive ELISA kits and to produce anti-human mono and polyclonal antibodies. Modern humans (Homo sapiens, primarily ssp. Homo sapiens sapiens). Depending on the epitopes used human ELISA kits can be cross reactive to many other species. Mainly analyzed are human serum, plasma, urine, saliva, human cell culture supernatants and biological samples.
Recombinants or rec. proteins